German (Deutsch) is one of the Indo-European languages belonging to the western branch of the Germanic languages. Due to many dialects, German is to some extent a standard language (Dachsprache). It is the official language in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Italian region of South Tyrol. The most inhabitants of Trentin-Haut-Adige speak it as well. With almost 100 million speakers in Europe, it the most widely spoken language in the European Union.
German is an inflectional language having conjugations and declensions. The principle of German conjugation is quite close to that of French conjugation. As for morphology, there are three main types of verbs: weak verbs, strong verbs and mixed verbs. The German declension comprises four cases: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive, which combine three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine and neuter, as well as two numbers – singular and plural. The main syntactic feature of the German language is that it places important elements either in the first or in the last position of a sentence. The inversion of the verb and the subject takes place when the object comes to the beginning of the sentence. All German nouns are capitalized. Unlike English, it applies not only to proper nouns but to common ones as well.
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