Arabic (العربية) is an Afro-Asian language of the Semitic language family. The origin of the Arabic language had its springs in the Arabian Peninsula and it dates back to the 2nd century.
Modern Standard Arabic is recognized as the official language in 25 countries, ranking third after English and French. Some international organizations such as the United Nations also use Arabic as their official language. The total number of speakers around the world is estimated to range between 350 and 375 million.
Linguistics distinguishes different registers of the Arabic language. Diglossia opposes literary and popular languages. Literal Arabic is a generic term combining four historical periods of the same language, in the course of which Classical Arabic has been consistently used, followed by Modern Standard Arabic. Oral dialects, which vary depending on the region and which are influenced by Standard Arabic, are called dialectical Arabic; substrates, superstrata and borrowings may differ from region to region.
By its grammar, Arabic is an accusative and inflectional language widely using internal inflection. The syntax of a sentence follows the basic order ”verb-subject-object”, and the determinant follows the determinandum in the nominal group. Like Hebrew, Arabic is a Semitic language. Its morphology mainly functions at the root intersections (generally made up of three consonants) with a certain number of forms defined to create the vocabulary. In addition, the set of suffixes is relatively small. In addition, the Arabic language represents a system of nominal, adjective, or verbal affixes allowing you to inflect nouns and express the grammatical cases of verbs.
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